Greenview Medical Center

Mailing Address:


+91 8067927777


+91 9591932810


HSR Layout, Bengaluru

Emergency and Critical Care

What is it?

Emergency and Critical Care is a branch of medicine that deals with the care for patients with illnesses or injuries that require immediate medical attention. The medical professionals of this branch of medicine take a specialization in Emergency Medicine.

Emergency medicine is usually the first point-of-contact care for patients so the specialists are required to possess skills in acute illness diagnosis and resuscitation. They are responsible for,
Recognizing the issue immediately
Evaluate, care and stabilize the patients in response to the acute illness or injury.

What happens there?

The critical conditions that are usually handled by the Emergency and Critical care medical professionals are:

  • Cardiac Arrest: is the sudden loss of blood flow due to the failure of the heart to pump effectively. If the patient is left untreated, it can lead to death. Patients might experience the following:
    • Loss of consciousness
    • Abnormal breathing
    • Chest Pain
    • Shortness of breath
    • Nausea

The patients are usually transported by ambulance to the emergency and critical care center. They are treated initially with basic life support and then advanced life support is administered.

  • Heart Attack: is the condition where the blood flow decreases or stops in some cases, leading to damage of the heart muscle. Patients usually experience chest pains or discomfort, like heartburn, travelling into the shoulder, arm, back, neck or jaw. This occurs either in the center or left side of the chest lasting for a few minutes. Some patients experience shortness of breath, nausea, cold sweat or tiredness.

The patient arriving at the emergency care center is usually triaged to the resuscitation room where the patient is given oxygen, monitored, an ECG taken and given aspirin.

  • Physical Trauma: includes multiple injuries that might be from a vehicle accident, a fall from a high place or other accidents. The emergency team might provide the following care for the patient, depending on the injury/trauma,
    • Perform an X-ray of the injured part of the body
    • The setting of broken bones
    • Surgery might be performed within an hour depending on the case
  • Mental Illnesses: usually includes patients who appear mentally ill and can be dangerous to themselves and others. The emergency care center will first try to calm the patient then examine the patient for any injuries. Once the patient is under control, they might also forward the case to the psychiatric department.
  • Chronic Respiratory Diseases: includes ailments like Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). These patients are treated as emergencies and usually treated with oxygen therapy, bronchodilators, or steroids. The emergency care team might even conduct a chest X-ray and arterial blood gas test and then transferred to the intensive care unit.

Special Facilities

The Emergency and Critical Care center usually have different types of specialized equipment as they get patients under unstable conditions who need urgent treatment.

Most of the emergency staff are trained to use specialized equipment like Military anti-shock trousers, traction splints, defibrillators, automatic ventilation, and CPR machines, and bleeding control dressings.

Some emergency care units might have their own radiology diagnostic equipment, like CT Scan and ultrasound scanners.